Drag & Drop with WPF in C#

// WPF Canvas Object
// Canvas LayoutCanvas;
//
// Events Required
//
// Canvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown
// Canvas_PreviewMouseMove
// Canvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonUp
// Parent_PreviewKeyDown
//
// LayoutCanvas.PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown += LayoutCanvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown;
// LayoutCanvas.PreviewMouseMove += LayoutCanvas_PreviewMouseMove;
// LayoutCanvas.PreviewMouseLeftButtonUp += LayoutCanvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonUp;
// WindowOrPage.PreviewKeyDown += WindowOrPage_PreviewKeyDown;
//
// Parameters Required
//
// For capturing the mouse position:
// Point ddStartPoint;
//
// The top left corner of the child object (left = x, top = y)
// double ddOriginalLeft;
// double ddOriginalTop;
//
// Properties for managing the state of the drag & drop process:
// bool ddIsMouseDown;
// bool ddIsBeingDragged;
//
// Our original UI element (in my case the children are all Image objects)
// UIElement ddOriginalElement;
//
// The container of the above element when we are in dragging mode
// System.Windows.Shapes.Rectangle ddOverlay;
//

//
// Canvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown
//
// We assign this to our Canvas object as it will control
// catching whether or not we are clicking on the canvas itself
// or on one of its children
//
private void LayoutCanvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonDown(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
{
    // If the source of the click is our canvas object then we want
    // to exit because we are looking for it's children to drag 
    // and not the canvas itself.
    if(e.Source == LayoutCanvas)
    {
	return;
    }
    
    // Identifies that we have started dragging
    ddIsMouseDown = true;

    // Captures the mouse position in the layout canvas
    ddStartPoint = e.GetPosition(LayoutCanvas);

    // Sets up our element that we will be dragging
    ddOriginalElement = (UIElement)e.Source;

    // Tells the Window to give the mouse to the LayoutCanvas
    // object.
    LayoutCanvas.CaptureMouse();

    e.Handled = true;
}	

//
// Canvas_PreviewMouseMove
// 
// Our event handler for updating the position of our
// dragged element
//
// This introduces two helper methods DragStarted() and DragMoved()
// They will be covered later on in the code.
//
private void LayoutCanvas_PreviewMouseMove(object sender, System.Windows.Input.MouseEventArgs e)
{
    if(ddIsMouseDown)
    {
	if(!ddIsBeingDragged)
	{
	    // Capture our mouse position relative to the LayoutCanvas object
	    var mousePosition = e.GetPosition(LayoutCanvas);

	    // Creates a transparent rectangle around our current drag point and we want to 
	    // check here that we are within that rectangle
	    if(Math.Abs(mousePosition.X - ddStartPoint.X) > SystemParameters.MinimumHorizontalDragDistance &&
		    Math.Abs(mousePosition.Y - ddStartPoint.Y) > SystemParameters.MinimumVeritcalDragDistance)
	    {
		DragStarted();
	    }
	}
	else
	{
	    DragMoved();
	}
    }
}

//
// Canvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonUp
//
// Controls the functionality for finishing our drag and drop process.
// This will also introduce the call to DragFinished(bool state);
//
private void LayoutCanvas_PreviewMouseLeftButtonUp(object sender, MouseButtonEventArgs e)
{
    // This is a fairly simple check. If we are still dragging
    // or starting to drag which means ddIsMouseDown would be 'True'
    // then we don't stop the drag
    if(ddIsMouseDown)
    {
	DragFinished(false);
    }
}

//
// Page_PreviewKeydown
//
// In my code I have my canvas in a Page, you can do this with a Window object as well.
//
private void Page_PreviewKeyDown(object sender, System.Windows.Input.KeyEventArgs e)
{
    if(e.Key == Key.Escape && ddIsBeingDragged)
    {
	DragFinished = true;
    }
}

// Helper Methods

//
// DragStarted()
//
//
private void DragStarted()
{
    // Capture our last remaining properties
    // needed to support our drag and drop
    // process
    ddIsBeingDragged = true;
    ddOriginalLeft = Canvas.GetLeft(ddOriginalElement);
    ddOriginalTop = Canvas.GetTop(ddOriginalElement);

    // What we are doing here is creating a semi-transparent
    // mirror image of the object we are dragging.
    //
    // This allows us to visually see that we have selected 
    // an object and are dragging it.
    var brush = new VisualBrush(ddOriginalElement);
    brush.Opacity = 0.5;

    ddOverlay = new System.Windows.Shapes.Rectangle();
    ddOverlay.Width = ddOriginalElement.RenderSize.Width;
    ddOverlay.Height = ddOriginalElement.RenderSize.Height;
    ddOverlay.Fill = brush;

    // Finally add the overlay to the LayoutCanvas for displaying
    LayoutCanvas.Children.Add(ddOverlay);
}


//
// DragMoved();
//
private void DragMoved()
{
    // Capture the current mouse position, this will be used
    // to redraw the overlay element we created in DragStarted()
    var currentPosition = System.Windows.Input.Mouse.GetPosition(LayoutCanvas);
    var elementLeft = (currentPosition.X - ddStartPoint.X) + ddOriginalLeft;
    var elementTop = (currentPosition.Y - ddStartPoint.Y) + ddOriginalTop;

    // We update the overlay's position on the LayoutCanvas
    // by setting it's top left corner position below
    Canvas.SetLeft(ddOverlay, elementLeft);
    Canvas.SetTop(ddOverlay, elementTop);
}

//
// DragFinished();
//
private void DragFinished(bool canceled)
{
    if(ddOverlay != null)
    {
	// capture our current position
	var topLeft = Canvas.GetLeft(ddOverlay);
	var top = Canvas.GetTop(ddOverlay);

	if(ddIsBeingDragged)
	{
	    LayoutCanvas.Children.Remove(ddOverlay);

	    // If it wasn't prematurely canceled, then
	    // move the element to the current mouse position
	    if(!canceled)
	    {
		Canvas.SetLeft(ddOriginalElement, topLeft);
		Canvas.SetTop(ddOriginalElement, top);
	    }

	    // Release the mouse from the layoutcanvas.
	    // This is very important. If you do not release the mouse
	    // you have to set the focus of the mouse to another application
	    // and then back again to regain mouse control
	    LayoutCanvas.ReleaseMouseCapture();

	    // Reset our drag & drop properties
	    ddOverlay = null;
	    ddIsMouseBeingDragged = false;
	    ddIsMouseDown = false;
	}
    }
}

source

Comments are closed.