Rollover slide

// rollovers
	$(".side-block a").hover(function() { 
		// on rollover	
		$(this).stop().animate({ 
			marginLeft: "10" 
		}, "fast");
	} , function() { 
		// on out
		$(this).stop().animate({
			marginLeft: "0" 
		}, "fast");
	});

source

Mute all

SoundMixer.soundTransform = new SoundTransform(0);

source

Display Only First X Divs, Toggle Rest

var news = 2;
hidenews = "- Hide news archive";
shownews = "+ Show news archive";

$(".archive").html( shownews );
$(".news:not(:lt("+news+"))").hide();

$(".archive").click(function (e) {
   e.preventDefault();
       if ($(".news:eq("+news+")").is(":hidden")) {
           $(".news:hidden").show();
           $(".archive").html( hidenews );
       } else {
           $(".news:not(:lt("+news+"))").hide();
           $(".archive").html( shownews );
       }
});

<div class="news">First news</div>
<div class="news">Second news</div>
<div class="news">Third news</div>
<a class="archive" href="#"></a>

source

CSS Triangle

<div class="upper">
<div class="inner"></div>
</div>


.upper {
  position:absolute;
  left:150px; top:100px; /* pos.*/   }

  .upper div {
    border-left-color: transparent;
    border-style: solid;
  }
  .inner{
  border-width: 0 0 /* x: */ 300px /* h: */ 200px;
  border-bottom-color: #955;
}

source

Teste

package com.live;

/**
 * <p>Encodes and decodes to and from Base64 notation.</p>
 * <p>Homepage: <a href="<a href="http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>.</p>" >http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>.</p></a>
 * <p/>
 * <p>
 * Change Log:
 * </p>
 * <ul>
 * <li>v2.2.1 - Fixed bug using URL_SAFE and ORDERED encodings. Fixed bug
 * when using very small files (~< 40 bytes).</li>
 * <li>v2.2 - Added some helper methods for encoding/decoding directly from
 * one file to the next. Also added a main() method to support command line
 * encoding/decoding from one file to the next. Also added these Base64 dialects:
 * <ol>
 * <li>The default is RFC3548 format.</li>
 * <li>Calling Base64.setFormat(Base64.BASE64_FORMAT.URLSAFE_FORMAT) generates
 * URL and file name friendly format as described in Section 4 of RFC3548.
 * <a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</li>" >http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</li></a>
 * <li>Calling Base64.setFormat(Base64.BASE64_FORMAT.ORDERED_FORMAT) generates
 * URL and file name friendly format that preserves lexical ordering as described
 * in <a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</li>" >http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</li></a>
 * </ol>
 * Special thanks to Jim Kellerman at <a href="<a href="http://www.powerset.com/">http://www.powerset.com/</a>" >http://www.powerset.com/">http://www.powerset.com/</a></a>
 * for contributing the new Base64 dialects.
 * </li>
 * <p/>
 * <li>v2.1 - Cleaned up javadoc comments and unused variables and methods. Added
 * some convenience methods for reading and writing to and from files.</li>
 * <li>v2.0.2 - Now specifies UTF-8 encoding in places where the code fails on systems
 * with other encodings (like EBCDIC).</li>
 * <li>v2.0.1 - Fixed an error when decoding a single byte, that is, when the
 * encoded data was a single byte.</li>
 * <li>v2.0 - I got rid of methods that used booleans to set options.
 * Now everything is more consolidated and cleaner. The code now detects
 * when data that's being decoded is gzip-compressed and will decompress it
 * automatically. Generally things are cleaner. You'll probably have to
 * change some method calls that you were making to support the new
 * options format (<tt>int</tt>s that you "OR" together).</li>
 * <li>v1.5.1 - Fixed bug when decompressing and decoding to a
 * byte[] using <tt>decode( String s, boolean gzipCompressed )</tt>.
 * Added the ability to "suspend" encoding in the Output Stream so
 * you can turn on and off the encoding if you need to embed base64
 * data in an otherwise "normal" stream (like an XML file).</li>
 * <li>v1.5 - Output stream pases on flush() command but doesn't do anything itself.
 * This helps when using GZIP streams.
 * Added the ability to GZip-compress objects before encoding them.</li>
 * <li>v1.4 - Added helper methods to read/write files.</li>
 * <li>v1.3.6 - Fixed OutputStream.flush() so that 'position' is reset.</li>
 * <li>v1.3.5 - Added flag to turn on and off line breaks. Fixed bug in input stream
 * where last buffer being read, if not completely full, was not returned.</li>
 * <li>v1.3.4 - Fixed when "improperly padded stream" error was thrown at the wrong time.</li>
 * <li>v1.3.3 - Fixed I/O streams which were totally messed up.</li>
 * </ul>
 * <p/>
 * <p>
 * I am placing this code in the Public Domain. Do with it as you will.
 * This software comes with no guarantees or warranties but with
 * plenty of well-wishing instead!
 * Please visit <a href="<a href="http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a>" >http://iharder.net/base64">http://iharder.net/base64</a></a>
 * periodically to check for updates or to contribute improvements.
 * </p>
 *
 * @author Robert Harder
 * @author <a href="mailto:rob@iharder.net">rob@iharder.net</a>
 * @version 2.2.1
 */
public class Base64 {

/* ********  P U B L I C   F I E L D S  ******** */


    /**
     * No options specified. Value is zero.
     */
    public final static int NO_OPTIONS = 0;

    /**
     * Specify encoding.
     */
    public final static int ENCODE = 1;


    /**
     * Specify decoding.
     */
    public final static int DECODE = 0;


    /**
     * Specify that data should be gzip-compressed.
     */
    public final static int GZIP = 2;


    /**
     * Don't break lines when encoding (violates strict Base64 specification)
     */
    public final static int DONT_BREAK_LINES = 8;

    /**
     * Encode using Base64-like encoding that is URL- and Filename-safe as described
     * in Section 4 of RFC3548:
     * <a href="<a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>." >http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>.</a>
     * It is important to note that data encoded this way is <em>not</em> officially valid Base64,
     * or at the very least should not be called Base64 without also specifying that is
     * was encoded using the URL- and Filename-safe dialect.
     */
    public final static int URL_SAFE = 16;


    /**
     * Encode using the special "ordered" dialect of Base64 described here:
     * <a href="<a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>." >http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>.</a>
     */
    public final static int ORDERED = 32;


/* ********  P R I V A T E   F I E L D S  ******** */


    /**
     * Maximum line length (76) of Base64 output.
     */
    private final static int MAX_LINE_LENGTH = 76;


    /**
     * The equals sign (=) as a byte.
     */
    private final static byte EQUALS_SIGN = (byte) '=';


    /**
     * The new line character (
) as a byte.
     */
    private final static byte NEW_LINE = (byte) '
';


    /**
     * Preferred encoding.
     */
    private final static String PREFERRED_ENCODING = "UTF-8";


    // I think I end up not using the BAD_ENCODING indicator.
    //private final static byte BAD_ENCODING    = -9; // Indicates error in encoding
    private final static byte WHITE_SPACE_ENC = -5; // Indicates white space in encoding
    private final static byte EQUALS_SIGN_ENC = -1; // Indicates equals sign in encoding


/* ********  S T A N D A R D   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */

    /**
     * The 64 valid Base64 values.
     */
    //private final static byte[] ALPHABET;
    /* Host platform me be something funny like EBCDIC, so we hardcode these values. */
    private final static byte[] _STANDARD_ALPHABET =
        {
            (byte) 'A', (byte) 'B', (byte) 'C', (byte) 'D', (byte) 'E', (byte) 'F', (byte) 'G',
            (byte) 'H', (byte) 'I', (byte) 'J', (byte) 'K', (byte) 'L', (byte) 'M', (byte) 'N',
            (byte) 'O', (byte) 'P', (byte) 'Q', (byte) 'R', (byte) 'S', (byte) 'T', (byte) 'U',
            (byte) 'V', (byte) 'W', (byte) 'X', (byte) 'Y', (byte) 'Z',
            (byte) 'a', (byte) 'b', (byte) 'c', (byte) 'd', (byte) 'e', (byte) 'f', (byte) 'g',
            (byte) 'h', (byte) 'i', (byte) 'j', (byte) 'k', (byte) 'l', (byte) 'm', (byte) 'n',
            (byte) 'o', (byte) 'p', (byte) 'q', (byte) 'r', (byte) 's', (byte) 't', (byte) 'u',
            (byte) 'v', (byte) 'w', (byte) 'x', (byte) 'y', (byte) 'z',
            (byte) '0', (byte) '1', (byte) '2', (byte) '3', (byte) '4', (byte) '5',
            (byte) '6', (byte) '7', (byte) '8', (byte) '9', (byte) '+', (byte) '/'
        };


    /**
     * Translates a Base64 value to either its 6-bit reconstruction value
     * or a negative number indicating some other meaning.
     */
    private final static byte[] _STANDARD_DECODABET =
        {
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
            -5, -5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
            -9, -9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
            -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
            -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
            62,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
            -9, -9, -9,                                   // Decimal 44 - 46
            63,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
            52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61,              // Numbers zero through nine
            -9, -9, -9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
            -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
            -9, -9, -9,                                      // Decimal 62 - 64
            0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,            // Letters 'A' through 'N'
            14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25,        // Letters 'O' through 'Z'
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                          // Decimal 91 - 96
            26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
            39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
            -9, -9, -9, -9                                 // Decimal 123 - 126
            /*,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 127 - 139
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 */
        };


/* ********  U R L   S A F E   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */

    /**
     * Used in the URL- and Filename-safe dialect described in Section 4 of RFC3548:
     * <a href="<a href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>." >http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html">http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3548.html</a>.</a>
     * Notice that the last two bytes become "hyphen" and "underscore" instead of "plus" and "slash."
     */
    private final static byte[] _URL_SAFE_ALPHABET =
        {
            (byte) 'A', (byte) 'B', (byte) 'C', (byte) 'D', (byte) 'E', (byte) 'F', (byte) 'G',
            (byte) 'H', (byte) 'I', (byte) 'J', (byte) 'K', (byte) 'L', (byte) 'M', (byte) 'N',
            (byte) 'O', (byte) 'P', (byte) 'Q', (byte) 'R', (byte) 'S', (byte) 'T', (byte) 'U',
            (byte) 'V', (byte) 'W', (byte) 'X', (byte) 'Y', (byte) 'Z',
            (byte) 'a', (byte) 'b', (byte) 'c', (byte) 'd', (byte) 'e', (byte) 'f', (byte) 'g',
            (byte) 'h', (byte) 'i', (byte) 'j', (byte) 'k', (byte) 'l', (byte) 'm', (byte) 'n',
            (byte) 'o', (byte) 'p', (byte) 'q', (byte) 'r', (byte) 's', (byte) 't', (byte) 'u',
            (byte) 'v', (byte) 'w', (byte) 'x', (byte) 'y', (byte) 'z',
            (byte) '0', (byte) '1', (byte) '2', (byte) '3', (byte) '4', (byte) '5',
            (byte) '6', (byte) '7', (byte) '8', (byte) '9', (byte) '-', (byte) '_'
        };

    /**
     * Used in decoding URL- and Filename-safe dialects of Base64.
     */
    private final static byte[] _URL_SAFE_DECODABET =
        {
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
            -5, -5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
            -9, -9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
            -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
            -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
            -9,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
            -9,                                         // Decimal 44
            62,                                         // Minus sign at decimal 45
            -9,                                         // Decimal 46
            -9,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
            52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61,              // Numbers zero through nine
            -9, -9, -9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
            -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
            -9, -9, -9,                                   // Decimal 62 - 64
            0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13,            // Letters 'A' through 'N'
            14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25,        // Letters 'O' through 'Z'
            -9, -9, -9, -9,                                // Decimal 91 - 94
            63,                                         // Underscore at decimal 95
            -9,                                         // Decimal 96
            26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
            39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
            -9, -9, -9, -9                                 // Decimal 123 - 126
            /*,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 127 - 139
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 */
        };


/* ********  O R D E R E D   B A S E 6 4   A L P H A B E T  ******** */

    /**
     * I don't get the point of this technique, but it is described here:
     * <a href="<a href="http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>." >http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html">http://www.faqs.org/qa/rfcc-1940.html</a>.</a>
     */
    private final static byte[] _ORDERED_ALPHABET =
        {
            (byte) '-',
            (byte) '0', (byte) '1', (byte) '2', (byte) '3', (byte) '4',
            (byte) '5', (byte) '6', (byte) '7', (byte) '8', (byte) '9',
            (byte) 'A', (byte) 'B', (byte) 'C', (byte) 'D', (byte) 'E', (byte) 'F', (byte) 'G',
            (byte) 'H', (byte) 'I', (byte) 'J', (byte) 'K', (byte) 'L', (byte) 'M', (byte) 'N',
            (byte) 'O', (byte) 'P', (byte) 'Q', (byte) 'R', (byte) 'S', (byte) 'T', (byte) 'U',
            (byte) 'V', (byte) 'W', (byte) 'X', (byte) 'Y', (byte) 'Z',
            (byte) '_',
            (byte) 'a', (byte) 'b', (byte) 'c', (byte) 'd', (byte) 'e', (byte) 'f', (byte) 'g',
            (byte) 'h', (byte) 'i', (byte) 'j', (byte) 'k', (byte) 'l', (byte) 'm', (byte) 'n',
            (byte) 'o', (byte) 'p', (byte) 'q', (byte) 'r', (byte) 's', (byte) 't', (byte) 'u',
            (byte) 'v', (byte) 'w', (byte) 'x', (byte) 'y', (byte) 'z'
        };

    /**
     * Used in decoding the "ordered" dialect of Base64.
     */
    private final static byte[] _ORDERED_DECODABET =
        {
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                 // Decimal  0 -  8
            -5, -5,                                      // Whitespace: Tab and Linefeed
            -9, -9,                                      // Decimal 11 - 12
            -5,                                         // Whitespace: Carriage Return
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,     // Decimal 14 - 26
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,                             // Decimal 27 - 31
            -5,                                         // Whitespace: Space
            -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9, -9,              // Decimal 33 - 42
            -9,                                         // Plus sign at decimal 43
            -9,                                         // Decimal 44
            0,                                          // Minus sign at decimal 45
            -9,                                         // Decimal 46
            -9,                                         // Slash at decimal 47
            1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,                       // Numbers zero through nine
            -9, -9, -9,                                   // Decimal 58 - 60
            -1,                                         // Equals sign at decimal 61
            -9, -9, -9,                                   // Decimal 62 - 64
            11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23,     // Letters 'A' through 'M'
            24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36,     // Letters 'N' through 'Z'
            -9, -9, -9, -9,                                // Decimal 91 - 94
            37,                                         // Underscore at decimal 95
            -9,                                         // Decimal 96
            38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50,     // Letters 'a' through 'm'
            51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63,     // Letters 'n' through 'z'
            -9, -9, -9, -9                                 // Decimal 123 - 126
            /*,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 127 - 139
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 140 - 152
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 153 - 165
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 166 - 178
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 179 - 191
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 192 - 204
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 205 - 217
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 218 - 230
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,     // Decimal 231 - 243
-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9,-9         // Decimal 244 - 255 */
        };


/* ********  D E T E R M I N E   W H I C H   A L H A B E T  ******** */


    /**
     * Returns one of the _SOMETHING_ALPHABET byte arrays depending on
     * the options specified.
     * It's possible, though silly, to specify ORDERED and URLSAFE
     * in which case one of them will be picked, though there is
     * no guarantee as to which one will be picked.
     */
    private final static byte[] getAlphabet(int options) {
        if ((options & URL_SAFE) == URL_SAFE) return _URL_SAFE_ALPHABET;
        else if ((options & ORDERED) == ORDERED) return _ORDERED_ALPHABET;
        else return _STANDARD_ALPHABET;

    }    // end getAlphabet


    /**
     * Returns one of the _SOMETHING_DECODABET byte arrays depending on
     * the options specified.
     * It's possible, though silly, to specify ORDERED and URL_SAFE
     * in which case one of them will be picked, though there is
     * no guarantee as to which one will be picked.
     */
    private final static byte[] getDecodabet(int options) {
        if ((options & URL_SAFE) == URL_SAFE) return _URL_SAFE_DECODABET;
        else if ((options & ORDERED) == ORDERED) return _ORDERED_DECODABET;
        else return _STANDARD_DECODABET;

    }    // end getAlphabet


    /**
     * Defeats instantiation.
     */
    private Base64() {
    }


    /**
     * Encodes or decodes two files from the command line;
     * <strong>feel free to delete this method (in fact you probably should)
     * if you're embedding this code into a larger program.</strong>
     */
    public final static void main(String[] args) {
        if (args.length < 3) {
            usage("Not enough arguments.");
        }   // end if: args.length < 3
        else {
            String flag = args[0];
            String infile = args[1];
            String outfile = args[2];
            if (flag.equals("-e")) {
                Base64.encodeFileToFile(infile, outfile);
            }   // end if: encode
            else if (flag.equals("-d")) {
                Base64.decodeFileToFile(infile, outfile);
            }   // end else if: decode
            else {
                usage("Unknown flag: " + flag);
            }   // end else
        }   // end else
    }   // end main

    /**
     * Prints command line usage.
     *
     * @param msg A message to include with usage info.
     */
    private final static void usage(String msg) {
        System.err.println(msg);
        System.err.println("Usage: java Base64 -e|-d inputfile outputfile");
    }   // end usage


/* ********  E N C O D I N G   M E T H O D S  ******** */


    /**
     * Encodes up to the first three bytes of array <var>threeBytes</var>
     * and returns a four-byte array in Base64 notation.
     * The actual number of significant bytes in your array is
     * given by <var>numSigBytes</var>.
     * The array <var>threeBytes</var> needs only be as big as
     * <var>numSigBytes</var>.
     * Code can reuse a byte array by passing a four-byte array as <var>b4</var>.
     *
     * @param b4          A reusable byte array to reduce array instantiation
     * @param threeBytes  the array to convert
     * @param numSigBytes the number of significant bytes in your array
     * @return four byte array in Base64 notation.
     * @since 1.5.1
     */
    private static byte[] encode3to4(byte[] b4, byte[] threeBytes, int numSigBytes, int options) {
        encode3to4(threeBytes, 0, numSigBytes, b4, 0, options);
        return b4;
    }   // end encode3to4


    /**
     * <p>Encodes up to three bytes of the array <var>source</var>
     * and writes the resulting four Base64 bytes to <var>destination</var>.
     * The source and destination arrays can be manipulated
     * anywhere along their length by specifying
     * <var>srcOffset</var> and <var>destOffset</var>.
     * This method does not check to make sure your arrays
     * are large enough to accomodate <var>srcOffset</var> + 3 for
     * the <var>source</var> array or <var>destOffset</var> + 4 for
     * the <var>destination</var> array.
     * The actual number of significant bytes in your array is
     * given by <var>numSigBytes</var>.</p>
     * <p>This is the lowest level of the encoding methods with
     * all possible parameters.</p>
     *
     * @param source      the array to convert
     * @param srcOffset   the index where conversion begins
     * @param numSigBytes the number of significant bytes in your array
     * @param destination the array to hold the conversion
     * @param destOffset  the index where output will be put
     * @return the <var>destination</var> array
     * @since 1.3
     */
    private static byte[] encode3to4(
        byte[] source, int srcOffset, int numSigBytes,
        byte[] destination, int destOffset, int options) {
        byte[] ALPHABET = getAlphabet(options);

        //           1         2         3
        // 01234567890123456789012345678901 Bit position
        // --------000000001111111122222222 Array position from threeBytes
        // --------|    ||    ||    ||    | Six bit groups to index ALPHABET
        //          >>18  >>12  >> 6  >> 0  Right shift necessary
        //                0x3f  0x3f  0x3f  Additional AND

        // Create buffer with zero-padding if there are only one or two
        // significant bytes passed in the array.
        // We have to shift left 24 in order to flush out the 1's that appear
        // when Java treats a value as negative that is cast from a byte to an int.
        int inBuff = (numSigBytes > 0 ? ((source[srcOffset] << 24) >>> 8) : 0)
            | (numSigBytes > 1 ? ((source[srcOffset + 1] << 24) >>> 16) : 0)
            | (numSigBytes > 2 ? ((source[srcOffset + 2] << 24) >>> 24) : 0);

        switch (numSigBytes) {
            case 3:
                destination[destOffset] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 18)];
                destination[destOffset + 1] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f];
                destination[destOffset + 2] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 6) & 0x3f];
                destination[destOffset + 3] = ALPHABET[(inBuff) & 0x3f];
                return destination;

            case 2:
                destination[destOffset] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 18)];
                destination[destOffset + 1] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f];
                destination[destOffset + 2] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 6) & 0x3f];
                destination[destOffset + 3] = EQUALS_SIGN;
                return destination;

            case 1:
                destination[destOffset] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 18)];
                destination[destOffset + 1] = ALPHABET[(inBuff >>> 12) & 0x3f];
                destination[destOffset + 2] = EQUALS_SIGN;
                destination[destOffset + 3] = EQUALS_SIGN;
                return destination;

            default:
                return destination;
        }   // end switch
    }   // end encode3to4


    /**
     * Serializes an object and returns the Base64-encoded
     * version of that serialized object. If the object
     * cannot be serialized or there is another error,
     * the method will return <tt>null</tt>.
     * The object is not GZip-compressed before being encoded.
     *
     * @param serializableObject The object to encode
     * @return The Base64-encoded object
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static String encodeObject(java.io.Serializable serializableObject) {
        return encodeObject(serializableObject, NO_OPTIONS);
    }   // end encodeObject


    /**
     * Serializes an object and returns the Base64-encoded
     * version of that serialized object. If the object
     * cannot be serialized or there is another error,
     * the method will return <tt>null</tt>.
     * <p/>
     * Valid options:<pre>
     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
     *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
     * </pre>
     * <p/>
     * Example: <code>encodeObject( myObj, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
     * <p/>
     * Example: <code>encodeObject( myObj, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DONT_BREAK_LINES )</code>
     *
     * @param serializableObject The object to encode
     * @param options            Specified options
     * @return The Base64-encoded object
     * @see Base64#GZIP
     * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String encodeObject(java.io.Serializable serializableObject, int options) {
        // Streams
        java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream baos = null;
        java.io.OutputStream b64os = null;
        java.io.ObjectOutputStream oos = null;
        java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream gzos = null;

        // Isolate options
        int gzip = (options & GZIP);
        int dontBreakLines = (options & DONT_BREAK_LINES);

        try {
            // ObjectOutputStream -> (GZIP) -> Base64 -> ByteArrayOutputStream
            baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
            b64os = new Base64.OutputStream(baos, ENCODE | options);

            // GZip?
            if (gzip == GZIP) {
                gzos = new java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream(b64os);
                oos = new java.io.ObjectOutputStream(gzos);
            }   // end if: gzip
            else
                oos = new java.io.ObjectOutputStream(b64os);

            oos.writeObject(serializableObject);
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            return null;
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try {
                oos.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
            try {
                gzos.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
            try {
                b64os.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
            try {
                baos.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        }   // end finally

        // Return value according to relevant encoding.
        try {
            return new String(baos.toByteArray(), PREFERRED_ENCODING);
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue) {
            return new String(baos.toByteArray());
        }   // end catch

    }   // end encode


    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * Does not GZip-compress data.
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static String encodeBytes(byte[] source) {
        return encodeBytes(source, 0, source.length, NO_OPTIONS);
    }   // end encodeBytes


    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * <p/>
     * Valid options:<pre>
     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
     *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
     * </pre>
     * <p/>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
     * <p/>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DONT_BREAK_LINES )</code>
     *
     * @param source  The data to convert
     * @param options Specified options
     * @see Base64#GZIP
     * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String encodeBytes(byte[] source, int options) {
        return encodeBytes(source, 0, source.length, options);
    }   // end encodeBytes


    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * Does not GZip-compress data.
     *
     * @param source The data to convert
     * @param off    Offset in array where conversion should begin
     * @param len    Length of data to convert
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static String encodeBytes(byte[] source, int off, int len) {
        return encodeBytes(source, off, len, NO_OPTIONS);
    }   // end encodeBytes


    /**
     * Encodes a byte array into Base64 notation.
     * <p/>
     * Valid options:<pre>
     *   GZIP: gzip-compresses object before encoding it.
     *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
     *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
     * </pre>
     * <p/>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP )</code> or
     * <p/>
     * Example: <code>encodeBytes( myData, Base64.GZIP | Base64.DONT_BREAK_LINES )</code>
     *
     * @param source  The data to convert
     * @param off     Offset in array where conversion should begin
     * @param len     Length of data to convert
     * @param options Specified options
     * @param options alphabet type is pulled from this (standard, url-safe, ordered)
     * @see Base64#GZIP
     * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
     * @since 2.0
     */
    public static String encodeBytes(byte[] source, int off, int len, int options) {
        // Isolate options
        int dontBreakLines = (options & DONT_BREAK_LINES);
        int gzip = (options & GZIP);

        // Compress?
        if (gzip == GZIP) {
            java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream baos = null;
            java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream gzos = null;
            Base64.OutputStream b64os = null;


            try {
                // GZip -> Base64 -> ByteArray
                baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
                b64os = new Base64.OutputStream(baos, ENCODE | options);
                gzos = new java.util.zip.GZIPOutputStream(b64os);

                gzos.write(source, off, len);
                gzos.close();
            }   // end try
            catch (java.io.IOException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
                return null;
            }   // end catch
            finally {
                try {
                    gzos.close();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                }
                try {
                    b64os.close();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                }
                try {
                    baos.close();
                } catch (Exception e) {
                }
            }   // end finally

            // Return value according to relevant encoding.
            try {
                return new String(baos.toByteArray(), PREFERRED_ENCODING);
            }   // end try
            catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue) {
                return new String(baos.toByteArray());
            }   // end catch
        }   // end if: compress

        // Else, don't compress. Better not to use streams at all then.
        else {
            // Convert option to boolean in way that code likes it.
            boolean breakLines = dontBreakLines == 0;

            int len43 = len * 4 / 3;
            byte[] outBuff = new byte[(len43)                      // Main 4:3
                + ((len % 3) > 0 ? 4 : 0)      // Account for padding
                + (breakLines ? (len43 / MAX_LINE_LENGTH) : 0)]; // New lines
            int d = 0;
            int e = 0;
            int len2 = len - 2;
            int lineLength = 0;
            for (; d < len2; d += 3, e += 4) {
                encode3to4(source, d + off, 3, outBuff, e, options);

                lineLength += 4;
                if (breakLines && lineLength == MAX_LINE_LENGTH) {
                    outBuff[e + 4] = NEW_LINE;
                    e++;
                    lineLength = 0;
                }   // end if: end of line
            }   // en dfor: each piece of array

            if (d < len) {
                encode3to4(source, d + off, len - d, outBuff, e, options);
                e += 4;
            }   // end if: some padding needed


            // Return value according to relevant encoding.
            try {
                return new String(outBuff, 0, e, PREFERRED_ENCODING);
            }   // end try
            catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uue) {
                return new String(outBuff, 0, e);
            }   // end catch

        }   // end else: don't compress

    }   // end encodeBytes


/* ********  D E C O D I N G   M E T H O D S  ******** */


    /**
     * Decodes four bytes from array <var>source</var>
     * and writes the resulting bytes (up to three of them)
     * to <var>destination</var>.
     * The source and destination arrays can be manipulated
     * anywhere along their length by specifying
     * <var>srcOffset</var> and <var>destOffset</var>.
     * This method does not check to make sure your arrays
     * are large enough to accomodate <var>srcOffset</var> + 4 for
     * the <var>source</var> array or <var>destOffset</var> + 3 for
     * the <var>destination</var> array.
     * This method returns the actual number of bytes that
     * were converted from the Base64 encoding.
     * <p>This is the lowest level of the decoding methods with
     * all possible parameters.</p>
     *
     * @param source      the array to convert
     * @param srcOffset   the index where conversion begins
     * @param destination the array to hold the conversion
     * @param destOffset  the index where output will be put
     * @param options     alphabet type is pulled from this (standard, url-safe, ordered)
     * @return the number of decoded bytes converted
     * @since 1.3
     */
    private static int decode4to3(byte[] source, int srcOffset, byte[] destination, int destOffset, int options) {
        byte[] DECODABET = getDecodabet(options);

        // Example: Dk==
        if (source[srcOffset + 2] == EQUALS_SIGN) {
            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
            //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset    ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 );
            int outBuff = ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset]] & 0xFF) << 18)
                | ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 1]] & 0xFF) << 12);

            destination[destOffset] = (byte) (outBuff >>> 16);
            return 1;
        }

        // Example: DkL=
        else if (source[srcOffset + 3] == EQUALS_SIGN) {
            // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
            //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 )
            //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 18 );
            int outBuff = ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset]] & 0xFF) << 18)
                | ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 1]] & 0xFF) << 12)
                | ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 2]] & 0xFF) << 6);

            destination[destOffset] = (byte) (outBuff >>> 16);
            destination[destOffset + 1] = (byte) (outBuff >>> 8);
            return 2;
        }

        // Example: DkLE
        else {
            try {
                // Two ways to do the same thing. Don't know which way I like best.
                //int outBuff =   ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset     ] ] << 24 ) >>>  6 )
                //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 1 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 12 )
                //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 2 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 18 )
                //              | ( ( DECODABET[ source[ srcOffset + 3 ] ] << 24 ) >>> 24 );
                int outBuff = ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset]] & 0xFF) << 18)
                    | ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 1]] & 0xFF) << 12)
                    | ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 2]] & 0xFF) << 6)
                    | ((DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 3]] & 0xFF));


                destination[destOffset] = (byte) (outBuff >> 16);
                destination[destOffset + 1] = (byte) (outBuff >> 8);
                destination[destOffset + 2] = (byte) (outBuff);

                return 3;
            } catch (Exception e) {
                System.out.println("" + source[srcOffset] + ": " + (DECODABET[source[srcOffset]]));
                System.out.println("" + source[srcOffset + 1] + ": " + (DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 1]]));
                System.out.println("" + source[srcOffset + 2] + ": " + (DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 2]]));
                System.out.println("" + source[srcOffset + 3] + ": " + (DECODABET[source[srcOffset + 3]]));
                return -1;
            }   // end catch
        }
    }   // end decodeToBytes


    /**
     * Very low-level access to decoding ASCII characters in
     * the form of a byte array. Does not support automatically
     * gunzipping or any other "fancy" features.
     *
     * @param source The Base64 encoded data
     * @param off    The offset of where to begin decoding
     * @param len    The length of characters to decode
     * @return decoded data
     * @since 1.3
     */
    public static byte[] decode(byte[] source, int off, int len, int options) {
        byte[] DECODABET = getDecodabet(options);

        int len34 = len * 3 / 4;
        byte[] outBuff = new byte[len34]; // Upper limit on size of output
        int outBuffPosn = 0;

        byte[] b4 = new byte[4];
        int b4Posn = 0;
        int i = 0;
        byte sbiCrop = 0;
        byte sbiDecode = 0;
        for (i = off; i < off + len; i++) {
            sbiCrop = (byte) (source[i] & 0x7f); // Only the low seven bits
            sbiDecode = DECODABET[sbiCrop];

            if (sbiDecode >= WHITE_SPACE_ENC) // White space, Equals sign or better
            {
                if (sbiDecode >= EQUALS_SIGN_ENC) {
                    b4[b4Posn++] = sbiCrop;
                    if (b4Posn > 3) {
                        outBuffPosn += decode4to3(b4, 0, outBuff, outBuffPosn, options);
                        b4Posn = 0;

                        // If that was the equals sign, break out of 'for' loop
                        if (sbiCrop == EQUALS_SIGN)
                            break;
                    }   // end if: quartet built

                }   // end if: equals sign or better

            }   // end if: white space, equals sign or better
            else {
                System.err.println("Bad Base64 input character at " + i + ": " + source[i] + "(decimal)");
                return null;
            }   // end else:
        }   // each input character

        byte[] out = new byte[outBuffPosn];
        System.arraycopy(outBuff, 0, out, 0, outBuffPosn);
        return out;
    }   // end decode


    /**
     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
     *
     * @param s the string to decode
     * @return the decoded data
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static byte[] decode(String s) {
        return decode(s, NO_OPTIONS);
    }


    /**
     * Decodes data from Base64 notation, automatically
     * detecting gzip-compressed data and decompressing it.
     *
     * @param s       the string to decode
     * @param options encode options such as URL_SAFE
     * @return the decoded data
     * @since 1.4
     */
    public static byte[] decode(String s, int options) {
        byte[] bytes;
        try {
            bytes = s.getBytes(PREFERRED_ENCODING);
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException uee) {
            bytes = s.getBytes();
        }   // end catch
        //</change>

        // Decode
        bytes = decode(bytes, 0, bytes.length, options);


        // Check to see if it's gzip-compressed
        // GZIP Magic Two-Byte Number: 0x8b1f (35615)
        if (bytes != null && bytes.length >= 4) {

            int head = ((int) bytes[0] & 0xff) | ((bytes[1] << 8) & 0xff00);
            if (java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream.GZIP_MAGIC == head) {
                java.io.ByteArrayInputStream bais = null;
                java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream gzis = null;
                java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream baos = null;
                byte[] buffer = new byte[2048];
                int length = 0;

                try {
                    baos = new java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream();
                    bais = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream(bytes);
                    gzis = new java.util.zip.GZIPInputStream(bais);

                    while ((length = gzis.read(buffer)) >= 0) {
                        baos.write(buffer, 0, length);
                    }   // end while: reading input

                    // No error? Get new bytes.
                    bytes = baos.toByteArray();

                }   // end try
                catch (java.io.IOException e) {
                    // Just return originally-decoded bytes
                }   // end catch
                finally {
                    try {
                        baos.close();
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                    }
                    try {
                        gzis.close();
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                    }
                    try {
                        bais.close();
                    } catch (Exception e) {
                    }
                }   // end finally

            }   // end if: gzipped
        }   // end if: bytes.length >= 2

        return bytes;
    }   // end decode


    /**
     * Attempts to decode Base64 data and deserialize a Java
     * Object within. Returns <tt>null</tt> if there was an error.
     *
     * @param encodedObject The Base64 data to decode
     * @return The decoded and deserialized object
     * @since 1.5
     */
    public static Object decodeToObject(String encodedObject) {
        // Decode and gunzip if necessary
        byte[] objBytes = decode(encodedObject);

        java.io.ByteArrayInputStream bais = null;
        java.io.ObjectInputStream ois = null;
        Object obj = null;

        try {
            bais = new java.io.ByteArrayInputStream(objBytes);
            ois = new java.io.ObjectInputStream(bais);

            obj = ois.readObject();
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            obj = null;
        }   // end catch
        catch (java.lang.ClassNotFoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            obj = null;
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try {
                bais.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
            try {
                ois.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        }   // end finally

        return obj;
    }   // end decodeObject


    /**
     * Convenience method for encoding data to a file.
     *
     * @param dataToEncode byte array of data to encode in base64 form
     * @param filename     Filename for saving encoded data
     * @return <tt>true</tt> if successful, <tt>false</tt> otherwise
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static boolean encodeToFile(byte[] dataToEncode, String filename) {
        boolean success = false;
        Base64.OutputStream bos = null;
        try {
            bos = new Base64.OutputStream(
                new java.io.FileOutputStream(filename), Base64.ENCODE);
            bos.write(dataToEncode);
            success = true;
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException e) {

            success = false;
        }   // end catch: IOException
        finally {
            try {
                bos.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        }   // end finally

        return success;
    }   // end encodeToFile


    /**
     * Convenience method for decoding data to a file.
     *
     * @param dataToDecode Base64-encoded data as a string
     * @param filename     Filename for saving decoded data
     * @return <tt>true</tt> if successful, <tt>false</tt> otherwise
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static boolean decodeToFile(String dataToDecode, String filename) {
        boolean success = false;
        Base64.OutputStream bos = null;
        try {
            bos = new Base64.OutputStream(
                new java.io.FileOutputStream(filename), Base64.DECODE);
            bos.write(dataToDecode.getBytes(PREFERRED_ENCODING));
            success = true;
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException e) {
            success = false;
        }   // end catch: IOException
        finally {
            try {
                bos.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        }   // end finally

        return success;
    }   // end decodeToFile


    /**
     * Convenience method for reading a base64-encoded
     * file and decoding it.
     *
     * @param filename Filename for reading encoded data
     * @return decoded byte array or null if unsuccessful
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static byte[] decodeFromFile(String filename) {
        byte[] decodedData = null;
        Base64.InputStream bis = null;
        try {
            // Set up some useful variables
            java.io.File file = new java.io.File(filename);
            byte[] buffer = null;
            int length = 0;
            int numBytes = 0;

            // Check for size of file
            if (file.length() > Integer.MAX_VALUE) {
                System.err.println("File is too big for this convenience method (" + file.length() + " bytes).");
                return null;
            }   // end if: file too big for int index
            buffer = new byte[(int) file.length()];

            // Open a stream
            bis = new Base64.InputStream(
                new java.io.BufferedInputStream(
                    new java.io.FileInputStream(file)), Base64.DECODE);

            // Read until done
            while ((numBytes = bis.read(buffer, length, 4096)) >= 0)
                length += numBytes;

            // Save in a variable to return
            decodedData = new byte[length];
            System.arraycopy(buffer, 0, decodedData, 0, length);

        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException e) {
            System.err.println("Error decoding from file " + filename);
        }   // end catch: IOException
        finally {
            try {
                bis.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        }   // end finally

        return decodedData;
    }   // end decodeFromFile


    /**
     * Convenience method for reading a binary file
     * and base64-encoding it.
     *
     * @param filename Filename for reading binary data
     * @return base64-encoded string or null if unsuccessful
     * @since 2.1
     */
    public static String encodeFromFile(String filename) {
        String encodedData = null;
        Base64.InputStream bis = null;
        try {
            // Set up some useful variables
            java.io.File file = new java.io.File(filename);
            byte[] buffer = new byte[Math.max((int) (file.length() * 1.4), 40)]; // Need max() for math on small files (v2.2.1)
            int length = 0;
            int numBytes = 0;

            // Open a stream
            bis = new Base64.InputStream(
                new java.io.BufferedInputStream(
                    new java.io.FileInputStream(file)), Base64.ENCODE);

            // Read until done
            while ((numBytes = bis.read(buffer, length, 4096)) >= 0)
                length += numBytes;

            // Save in a variable to return
            encodedData = new String(buffer, 0, length, Base64.PREFERRED_ENCODING);

        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException e) {
            System.err.println("Error encoding from file " + filename);
        }   // end catch: IOException
        finally {
            try {
                bis.close();
            } catch (Exception e) {
            }
        }   // end finally

        return encodedData;
    }   // end encodeFromFile

    /**
     * Reads <tt>infile</tt> and encodes it to <tt>outfile</tt>.
     *
     * @param infile  Input file
     * @param outfile Output file
     * @since 2.2
     */
    public static void encodeFileToFile(String infile, String outfile) {
        String encoded = Base64.encodeFromFile(infile);
        java.io.OutputStream out = null;
        try {
            out = new java.io.BufferedOutputStream(
                new java.io.FileOutputStream(outfile));
            out.write(encoded.getBytes("US-ASCII")); // Strict, 7-bit output.
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try {
                out.close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
            }
        }   // end finally
    }   // end encodeFileToFile


    /**
     * Reads <tt>infile</tt> and decodes it to <tt>outfile</tt>.
     *
     * @param infile  Input file
     * @param outfile Output file
     * @since 2.2
     */
    public static void decodeFileToFile(String infile, String outfile) {
        byte[] decoded = Base64.decodeFromFile(infile);
        java.io.OutputStream out = null;
        try {
            out = new java.io.BufferedOutputStream(
                new java.io.FileOutputStream(outfile));
            out.write(decoded);
        }   // end try
        catch (java.io.IOException ex) {
            ex.printStackTrace();
        }   // end catch
        finally {
            try {
                out.close();
            }
            catch (Exception ex) {
            }
        }   // end finally
    }   // end decodeFileToFile


    /* ********  I N N E R   C L A S S   I N P U T S T R E A M  ******** */


    /**
     * A {@link Base64.InputStream} will read data from another
     * <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt>, given in the constructor,
     * and encode/decode to/from Base64 notation on the fly.
     *
     * @see Base64
     * @since 1.3
     */
    public static class InputStream extends java.io.FilterInputStream {
        private boolean encode;         // Encoding or decoding
        private int position;       // Current position in the buffer
        private byte[] buffer;         // Small buffer holding converted data
        private int bufferLength;   // Length of buffer (3 or 4)
        private int numSigBytes;    // Number of meaningful bytes in the buffer
        private int lineLength;
        private boolean breakLines;     // Break lines at less than 80 characters
        private int options;        // Record options used to create the stream.
        private byte[] alphabet;        // Local copies to avoid extra method calls
        private byte[] decodabet;        // Local copies to avoid extra method calls


        /**
         * Constructs a {@link Base64.InputStream} in DECODE mode.
         *
         * @param in the <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt> from which to read data.
         * @since 1.3
         */
        public InputStream(java.io.InputStream in) {
            this(in, DECODE);
        }   // end constructor


        /**
         * Constructs a {@link Base64.InputStream} in
         * either ENCODE or DECODE mode.
         * <p/>
         * Valid options:<pre>
         *   ENCODE or DECODE: Encode or Decode as data is read.
         *   DONT_BREAK_LINES: don't break lines at 76 characters
         *     (only meaningful when encoding)
         *     <i>Note: Technically, this makes your encoding non-compliant.</i>
         * </pre>
         * <p/>
         * Example: <code>new Base64.InputStream( in, Base64.DECODE )</code>
         *
         * @param in      the <tt>java.io.InputStream</tt> from which to read data.
         * @param options Specified options
         * @see Base64#ENCODE
         * @see Base64#DECODE
         * @see Base64#DONT_BREAK_LINES
         * @since 2.0
         */
        public InputStream(java.io.InputStream in, int options) {
            super(in);
            this.breakLines = (options & DONT_BREAK_LINES) != DONT_BREAK_LINES;
            this.encode = (options & ENCODE) == ENCODE;
            this.bufferLength = encode ? 4 : 3;
            this.buffer = new byte[bufferLength];
            this.position = -1;
            this.lineLength = 0;
            this.options = options; // Record for later, mostly to determine which alphabet to use
            this.alphabet = getAlphabet(options);
            this.decodabet = getDecodabet(options);
        }   // end constructor

        /**
         * Reads enough of the input stream to convert
         * to/from Base64 and returns the next byte.
         *
         * @return next byte
         * @since 1.3
         */
        public int read() throws java.io.IOException {
            // Do we need to get data?
            if (position < 0) {
                if (encode) {
                    byte[] b3 = new byte[3];
                    int numBinaryBytes = 0;
                    for (int i = 0; i < 3; i++) {
                        try {
                            int b = in.read();

                            // If end of stream, b is -1.
                            if (b >= 0) {
                                b3[i] = (byte) b;
                                numBinaryBytes++;
                            }   // end if: not end of stream

                        }   // end try: read
                        catch (java.io.IOException e) {
                            // Only a problem if we got no data at all.
                            if (i == 0)
                                throw e;

                        }   // end catch
                    }   // end for: each needed input byte

                    if (numBinaryBytes > 0) {
                        encode3to4(b3, 0, numBinaryBytes, buffer, 0, options);
                        position = 0;
                        numSigBytes = 4;
                    }   // end if: got data
                    else {
                        return -1;
                    }   // end else
                }   // end if: encoding

                // Else decoding
                else {
                    byte[] b4 = new byte[4];
                    int i = 0;
                    for (i = 0; i < 4; i++) {
                        // Read four "meaningful" bytes:
                        int b = 0;
                        do {
                            b = in.read();
                        }
                        while (b >= 0 && decodabet[b & 0x7f] <= WHITE_SPACE_ENC);

                        if (b < 0)
                            break; // Reads a -1 if end of stream

                        b4[i] = (byte) b;
                    }   // end for: each needed input byte

                    if (i == 4) {
                    

source

ENDOFSTRING PHP Strings

$string = <<<ENDOFSTRING 
This is a string 

It can include both 'single' and "double" quotes 
without needing to escape them. However, $variables 
will still be interpolated as they are in double 
quoted strings. Complex variable expressions such as 
{$array['element']} or {$object->property} can also 
be included and will be evaluated if they are included 
in curly braces (they may work without curly braces 
but I tend to include them for added clarity). The 
string will terminate with whatever you specified 
at the start like this: 
ENDOFSTRING;

source

Java script to flip & also copy image or word in this instance from stressed to desserts

<STYLE TYPE = "text/css">

   BODY  { background-color: blue }

 

   TABLE { font-size: 3 em:

           font-family: Calibri, sans-serif;

           background-color: yellow;

           border-style: outset ;

           border-collapse: separate }

 

   TD    { border-style: inset;

           padding: 2ex }

</STYLE>

<TABLE>

 

   <TR>

      <TD STYLE = "filter: fliph">StresseD</TD>

      <TD>StresseD</TD>

   </TR>

 

   </TR>

       <TD STYLE = "filter: flipv fliph">StresseD</TD>

       <TD STYLE = "filter: flipv">StresseD</TD>

   </TR>

</TABLE>

source

Randomly Colored Elastic Stripes

//Get Traer.Physics for AS3 at <a href="http://blog.sqrtof5.com/?p=53" >http://blog.sqrtof5.com/?p=53</a>
import traer.physics.Attraction;
import traer.physics.Particle;
import traer.physics.ParticleSystem;
import traer.physics.Spring;

//get k-lib Kuler API Library at <a href="http://code.google.com/p/k-lib/" >http://code.google.com/p/k-lib/</a>
import com.adobe.kuler.events.GetResultEvent;
import com.adobe.kuler.params.SearchParams;
import com.adobe.kuler.swatches.swatch.color.Color;
import com.adobe.kuler.KLibService;

import flash.geom.Vector3D;

//
//
//
//
// Get a Kuler API key at <a href="http://kuler.adobe.com/api/" >http://kuler.adobe.com/api/</a>
//
// BE SURE TO ENTER YOUR API KEY HERE FOR THIS TO WORK
//		||
//		||
//		||
//		/

var YOUR_KULER_API_KEY = "";



var s:ParticleSystem = new ParticleSystem(new Vector3D(0, 0, 0), .2);
var waterMolecules = new Array();
var waterParticles = new Array();
var sky = new Array();
var earth = new Array();
var magnet = s.makeParticle(0.12, new Vector3D(0, 0, 0));
var hover=new Molecule();
var points = new Array();
var water = new Sprite();
var lastColor = "000000";
var container = new Sprite();
var stripes = new Array();
var colors = new Array();
var totalWidth = 0;
var swatch;


var klib:KLibService = new KLibService(YOUR_KULER_API_KEY);
klib.addEventListener(GetResultEvent.GET_RESULTS, onResults);
klib.getRecent();


function onResults(e){
	swatch = e.results.swatches[0];
	trace(swatch.colors[ int(Math.random() * swatch.colors.length -1) ]);
	init();
}



function init(){
	magnet.makeFixed();
	magnet.position.y=200;
	var i=0;
	while(totalWidth<stage.stageWidth){

		colors[i] = lastColor;
		while(colors[i]==lastColor){
			colors[i]= swatch.colors[ int(Math.random() * swatch.colors.length -1) ].swatchHexColor;
			trace(colors[i]);
		}
		sky[i]=s.makeParticle(10, new Vector3D(totalWidth, 100, 0)); sky[i].makeFixed();
		waterParticles[i]=s.makeParticle(0.5, new Vector3D(totalWidth, 200, 0));
		earth[i]=s.makeParticle(10, new Vector3D(totalWidth, 300, 0)); earth[i].makeFixed();
		var thisWidth = Math.random()*20 + 5;
		totalWidth += thisWidth;
		stripes[i]=new Sprite();
		addChild(stripes[i]);

		if(i>0){
			s.makeSpring(waterParticles[i-1], waterParticles[i], 0.1 , .05, 0);
			s.makeSpring(sky[i], waterParticles[i], 0.05 , .05, 0);
			s.makeSpring(earth[i], waterParticles[i], 0.05 , .05, 0);
			
			s.makeAttraction(magnet, waterParticles[i], -15000 , 10);
			
		}
		lastColor = colors[i];
		i++
	}
	
	waterParticles[0].makeFixed();
	waterParticles[waterParticles.length-1].makeFixed();
	waterParticles[waterParticles.length-1].position.x=stage.stageWidth;

	stage.addEventListener(Event.ENTER_FRAME,loop);
}

function loop(e){
	s.tick(1);
	magnet.position.x = hover.x = mouseX;

	for(var i in waterParticles){
		stripes[i].graphics.clear();
		stripes[i].graphics.beginFill("0x"+colors[i]);
		if(i<waterParticles.length){
			stripes[i].graphics.moveTo(waterParticles[i].position.x,0);
			stripes[i].graphics.lineTo(waterParticles[i].position.x,stage.stageHeight);
		}
		if(i>0){
			stripes[i].graphics.lineTo(waterParticles[i-1].position.x,stage.stageHeight);
			stripes[i].graphics.lineTo(waterParticles[i-1].position.x,0);			
		}
		stripes[i].graphics.endFill();

	}

}

source

Fast Enumeration Array

NSArray *array = [NSArray arrayWithObjects:
        @"One", @"Two", @"Three", @"Four", nil];
for (NSString *element in array) {
    NSLog(@"element: %@", element);
}

source

cssvar-loop

<?
$selector = 'ul';

 for($i=1;$i<11;$i++) {

	echo str_repeat('ul ', $i);
	
	if ($i % 2 != 0) {
		echo "{background-color:green;width:100%;height:20px;display:block;float:left;}

";
	} else {
		echo "{ background-color:blue;width:80%;height:20px;display:block;float:left;}

";
	}

}

?>

source